Within Sun Shi Taiji we have five main areas of training Tui Shou (Push Hands). The first is Single hand push where the two trainers try to feel and understand to each other. Then there is Da Lun (which means “make cycle”) this is double hands to push, practice the concepts of Peng (Ward Off), Lu (Rollback), Ji (Press) and An (Push). The four main concepts and further to understand and introduce them to elbow stroke, shoulder stroke, pluck and rend. The third method is free-step (moving-step), forward three steps and back three steps in one turn. The fourth is Da Lu, (just like Ba Gua), walk freely, to train the moving energy. The end is San Shou (as you like), freestyle push hands where the opponents try to uproot or push the other using any of the methods from Sun Shi Taiji, Xing Yi or Bagua.
We have other methods that involve listening to the sensitivity of your opponent by feeling the stomach area and trying to disrupt their root, and we also have a method that involves using Tui Shou as a stepping stone to sparring.
Sun Lu Tang created what we now practice as Tui Shou from his knowledge and understanding of the three Internal Arts of Taiji, Xing Yi and Bagua, and Sun Shi Tui Shou involves utilising techniques from these arts.
Relaxing and the ability to follow are the first requirements, then the student can start to use basic techniques from the Internal styles that make up Sun Shi.
Alongside training in San Ti Shi and the Taiji form, Tui Shou makes up a lot of ground in enabling the student to understand the usage of Taiji as a martial art and also teaches us humility and respect for all.